Author(s): Wunsch MJ, Knisely JS, Cropsey KL, Campbell ED, Schnoll SH, Wunsch MJ, Knisely JS, Cropsey KL, Campbell ED, Schnoll SH, Wunsch MJ, Knisely JS, Cropsey KL, Campbell ED, Schnoll SH, Wunsch MJ, Knisely JS, Cropsey KL, Campbell ED, Schnoll SH
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Abstract Nine hundred and sixty-nine impaired physicians (125 women and 844 men) enrolled in one of four state physician health programs were evaluated with comprehensive psychosocial, psychiatric and substance abuse/dependence profiles. When compared to male impaired physicians at time of entry to physician health programs, the 125 female impaired physicians were younger (39.9 vs. 43.7 years; p < .0001), reported more medical (48.7\% vs. 34.4\%; OR = 1.81) and psychiatric (76.5\% vs. 63.9\%; OR = 1.84) problems at intake. They were more likely to report past (51.8\% vs. 29.9\%; OR = 2.51) or current (11.4\% vs. 4.8\%; OR = 2.54) suicidal ideation, and more likely to have made a suicide attempt under the influence (20.0\% vs. 5.1\%; OR = 4.64) or not under the influence (14.0\% vs. 1.7\%; OR = 9.67) of a substance. Although alcohol was the primary drug of abuse for all physicians studied, women physicians were more likely to abuse sedative hypnotics than men (11.4 vs. 6.4; OR = 1.87). There were no gender differences in employment problems (65.3\% vs. 67.5\%; ns) or legal problems (15\% vs. 21\%; OR = .66) due to addiction. These findings suggest different characteristics between male and female impaired physicians which may have implications for identification and treatment of this population.
This article was published in J Addict Dis
and referenced in Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior