Author(s): Bagus PS, Kfer D, Witte G, Wll C
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Abstract A theoretical analysis of charged adsorbates on a metal surface reveals a pronounced polarity asymmetry between electropositive and electronegative species, thus reproducing a well known but so far not properly understood experimental fact. For ionic adsorbates on metal surfaces, we analyze the several, often cancelling, terms that contribute to the change of the interface dipole and, hence, to work-function changes, Deltaphi. We demonstrate that for the prototypic case of I on Cu(111) the magnitudes and the signs of these terms can be understood on the basis of their physical and chemical origins. An important consequence of their cancellation is that negatively charged adsorbates can lead to a paradoxical Deltaphi<0 rather than the expected Deltaphi>0.
This article was published in Phys Rev Lett
and referenced in Journal of Developing Drugs