Author(s): kerstedt T
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Abstract Severe subjective and physiological sleepiness occur in night work, afflict almost all individuals and are associated with a performance impairment severe enough to explain night-work accident data. The alertness deficit is caused by the displacement of work to the circadian phase which is least conducive to alert behaviour, by extension of the time spent awake and by the reduction of sleep length (due to circadian interference with sleep). Sleepiness will be extreme when the three causes are operative simultaneously. The three factors may be used quantitatively to predict sleepiness.
This article was published in J Sleep Res
and referenced in Journal of Ergonomics