alexa World-wide epidemiology of HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B and associated precore and core promoter variants.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Author(s): Funk ML

Abstract Share this page

Hepatitis B is a serious disease that is endemic in many parts of the world. A significant proportion of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) are infected with a variant form of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) which decreases or abolishes the production of hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg). The purpose of this literature review is to describe the epidemiology of HBeAg-negative CHB (e-CHB) worldwide. A literature search was conducted to identify studies pertaining to e-CHB and underlying variants (precore and core promoter). Fifty studies were included in our analysis. The median prevalence of e-CHB among patients with chronic HBV infection was 33% in the Mediterranean, 15% in Asia Pacific, and 14% in the USA and Northern Europe. The pre core stop codon variant was detected in a median of 60% (range 0-100%) of HBeAg-negative patients overall, 92% in the Mediterranean, 50% in Asia Pacific and 24% in the USA and Northern Europe. There were very few data on the prevalence of core promoter variants outside Asia where the median prevalence among HBeAg-negative patients was 77%. This literature review revealed that e-CHB is more common than previously suspected and that it is present worldwide with marked variations in the prevalence of associated HBV variants across different geographical regions. Additional research using population based samples of adequate size based on a consensus definition of e-CHB and using standardized HBV DNA assays is needed to better estimate the true prevalence of e-CHB and its associated HBV variants.

This article was published in J Viral Hepat and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version