Author(s): Gordon C, Johnson EW, Gatens PF, Ashton JJ
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Abstract Employees from a large midwestern automobile manufacturing plant completed a preemployment evaluation which included a personal and family history, physical examination, and wrist ratio determinations obtained by dividing the anteroposterior diameter by the mediolateral diameter of the wrist. Over a 3-year period, 80 of these employees who developed symptoms compatible with carpal tunnel syndrome within 4-12 months of employment were entered into the study and were evaluated with standard electrodiagnostic techniques. The symptoms included nocturnal hand pain, paresthesia and weak grasp. Thirty-nine of the 80 employees had wrist ratios equal to or greater than 0.70. Twenty-four percent of the employees with wrist ratios less than 0.70 had abnormal electrodiagnostic studies compared with 74\% of employees with wrist ratios greater than or equal to 0.70. Regression analysis performed on the data revealed a significant positive correlation between distal median motor latency and wrist ratio (P = 0.001). The study suggests the practical value of wrist ratio determination in job placement.
This article was published in Am J Phys Med Rehabil
and referenced in Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs