alexa X chromosome inactivation and the diagnosis of X linked disease in females.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Human Genetics & Embryology

Author(s): Brown RM, Brown GK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In studies of female patients with suspected deficiency of the E1 alpha subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, we have found that X inactivation ratios of 80:20 or greater occur at sufficient frequency in cultured fibroblasts to make exclusion of the diagnosis impossible in about 25\% of cases. Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 alpha subunit deficiency is an X linked inborn error of metabolism which is well defined biochemically and is unusual in that most heterozygous females manifest the condition. The diagnosis is usually established by measurement of enzyme activity and the level of immunoreactive protein and these analyses are most commonly performed on cultured fibroblasts from the patients. Skewed patterns of X chromosome inactivation make it impossible to exclude the diagnosis if the normal X chromosome is expressed in the majority of cells. While most of the observed variation appears to be the expected consequence of random X inactivation, it may be further exaggerated by sampling and subsequent expansion of the cells for analysis.
This article was published in J Med Genet and referenced in Human Genetics & Embryology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version