alexa XB130 as an independent prognostic factor in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Shiozaki A

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BACKGROUND: Adaptor proteins, with multimodular structures, can participate in the regulation of various cellular functions. A novel adaptor protein XB130 has been implicated as a substrate and regulator of tyrosine kinase-mediated signaling and in controlling cell proliferation and apoptosis in thyroid and lung cancer cells. However, its expression and role in gastrointestinal cancer have not been investigated. We sought to determine the role of XB130 in cell cycle progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells and to examine its expression and effects on the prognosis of patients with ESCC. METHODS: Expression of XB130 in human ESCC cell lines was analyzed by Western blot testing and immunofluorescent staining. Knockdown experiments with XB130 small interfering RNA (siRNA) were conducted, and the effect on cell cycle progression was analyzed. Immunohistochemistry of XB130 for 52 primary tumor samples obtained from patients with ESCC undergoing esophagectomy was performed. RESULTS: XB130 was highly expressed in TE2, TE5, and TE9 cells. In these cells, knockdown of XB130 with siRNA inhibited G1-S phase progression and increased the expression of p21, the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor. Immunohistochemistry showed that 71.2% of the patients expressed XB130 in the nuclei and/or cytoplasm of the ESCC cells. Further, nuclear expression of XB130 was an independent prognostic factor of postoperative survival. CONCLUSIONS: These observations suggest that the expression of XB130 in ESCC cells may affect cell cycle progression and impact prognosis of patients with ESCC. A deeper understanding of XB130 as a mediator and/or biomarker in ESCC is needed.

This article was published in Ann Surg Oncol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

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