Author(s): Castonguay A, Robitaille R
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Abstract The specificity of action of Xestospongin C (XeC) towards the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor has been studied using the frog neuromuscular junction. In perisynaptic Schwann cells (PSCs), glial cells at this synapse, Ca2+ stores are dependent upon IP3 activation. Bath application of XeC (700 nM) caused a transient calcium elevation and blocked Ca2+ responses evoked in PSCs by synaptic activity or various agonists (ATP, muscarine, adenosine) only when Ca2+ stores had previously been challenged with local application of agonists. Moreover, XeC occluded the effects of thapsigargin (tg; 2 microM), a blocker of the Ca2+ ATPase pump of internal stores, which failed to evoke Ca2+ transients following 20 min of exposure to XeC. In nerve terminals, where the Ca2+ stores are ryanodine-sensitive, application of XeC (700 nM) prolonged the recovery phase of Ca2+ transients evoked by single action potentials, due to a prolonged Ca2+ clearance in the nerve terminal. No effects of tg (2 microM) were observed on Ca2+ response evoked by nerve stimulation when applied on the preparation after XeC (700 nM). Conversely, XeC (700 nM) had no effect on the shape and duration of Ca2+ entry in nerve terminals when tg was applied before XeC. These results indicate that XeC acts as an inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) pump of internal stores.
This article was published in Cell Calcium
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research