Author(s): Mhleisen J, Piepho HP, Maurer HP, Longin CF, Reif JC
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Abstract KEY MESSAGE: We present experimental data for wheat, barley, and triticale suggesting that hybrids manifest on average higher yield stability than inbred lines. Yield stability is assumed to be higher for hybrids than for inbred lines, but experimental data proving this hypothesis is scarce for autogamous cereals. We used multi-location grain yield trials and compared the yield stability of hybrids versus lines for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), and triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack). Our study comprised three phenotypic data sets of 1,749 wheat, 96 barley, and 130 triticale genotypes, which were evaluated for grain yield in up to five contrasting locations. Yield stability of the group of hybrids was compared with that of the group of inbred lines estimating the stability variance. For all three crops we observed a significantly (P < 0.05) higher yield stability of hybrids compared to lines. The enhanced yield stability of hybrids as compared to lines represents a major step forward, facilitating coping with the increasing abiotic stress expected from the predicted climate change.
This article was published in Theor Appl Genet
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy