Author(s): Hallgren M, Romberg K, Bakshi AS, Andrasson S
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: This pilot study explores the feasibility of yoga as part of a treatment program for alcohol dependence. DESIGN: Eighteen alcohol dependent patients were randomized to receive either treatment as usual or treatment as usual plus yoga. Assessments were taken at baseline and six month follow-up. SETTING: 'Riddargatan 1': an outpatient alcohol treatment clinic located in Stockholm, Sweden. INTERVENTIONS: Treatment as usual consisted of psychological and pharmacological interventions for alcohol dependence. The 10-week yoga intervention included a weekly group yoga session. Participants were encouraged to practice the yoga movements at home once per day. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Alcohol consumption (timeline follow-back method, DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence, and the Short Alcohol Dependence Data questionnaire), affective symptoms (the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), quality of life (Sheehan Disability Scale) and stress (the Perceived Stress Scale and saliva cortisol). RESULTS: Yoga was found to be a feasible and well accepted adjunct treatment for alcohol dependence. Alcohol consumption reduced more in the treatment as usual plus yoga group (from 6.32 to 3.36 drinks per day) compared to the treatment as usual only group (from 3.42 to 3.08 drinks per day). The difference was, however, not statistically significant (p = 0.17). CONCLUSIONS: Larger studies are needed to adequately assess the efficacy and long-term effectiveness of yoga as an adjunct treatment for alcohol dependence. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Complement Ther Med
and referenced in Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy