Author(s): Vagkopoulou T, Koutayas SO, Koidis P, Strub JR
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Abstract Advanced ceramic materials such as zirconia have great potential as substitutes for traditional materials in many biomedical applications. Since the end of the 1990s, the form of partially stabilized zirconia has been promoted as suitable for dental use due to its excellent strength and superior fracture resistance as result of an inherent transformation toughening mechanism. In addition, zirconia bioceramic presents enhanced biocompatibility, low radioactivity, and interesting optical properties. The introduction of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) techniques has increased the general acceptance of zirconia in dentistry. However, some fabrication procedures such as grinding, polishing, sandblasting, heat treatment, and veneering of the fine-grained metastable zirconia microstructures may affect the long-term stability and success of the material by influencing its aging sensitivity. The purpose of this review is to address the evolution of zirconia as a biomaterial; to explore the material's physical, chemical, biological, and optical properties; to describe strengthening procedures; and finally to examine aging, processing, and core/veneer interfacial effects.
This article was published in Eur J Esthet Dent
and referenced in Dentistry