alexa Zn2+ modulation of neurotransmitter transporters.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Journal of Membrane Science & Technology

Author(s): NrgaardNielsen K, Gether U

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Neurotransmitter transporters located at the presynaptic or glial cell membrane are responsible for the stringent and rapid clearance of the transmitter from the synapse, and hence they terminate signaling and control the duration of synaptic inputs in the brain. Two distinct families of neurotransmitter transporters have been identified based on sequence homology: (1) the neurotransmitter sodium symporter family (NSS), which includes the Na+/C1(-)-dependent transporters for dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin; and (2) the dicarboxylate/amino acid cation symporter family (DAACS), which includes the Na(+)-dependent glutamate transporters (excitatory amino acid transporters; EAAT). In this chapter, we describe how the identification of endogenous Zn2(+)-binding sites, as well as engineering of artificial Zn2(+)-binding sites both in the Na+/Cl(-)-dependent transporters and in the EAATs, have proved to be an important tool for studying the molecular function of these proteins. We also interpret the current available data on Zn2(+)-binding sites in the context of the recently published crystal structures. Moreover, we review how the identification of endogenous Zn2(+)-binding sites has indirectly suggested the possibility that several of the transporters are modulated by Zn2+ in vivo, and thus that Zn2+ can play a role as a neuromodulator by affecting the function of neurotransmitter transporters.
This article was published in Handb Exp Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Membrane Science & Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 1st World Congress on Nano Science and Nano Technology
    July 10-11, 2017 Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Annual Meeting on Separation Techniques
    July 12-14, 2017 bangkok, Thailand
  • Biotechnology Congress
    July 17-19, 2017 Kualalumpur, Malaysia
  • 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies
    (10 Plenary Forums 3 days 1 Event)
    August 28-30, 2017, Philadelphia, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords