Author(s): Estephan ZG, Jaber JA, Schlenoff JB
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Abstract Using a short-chain zwitterionic organosiloxane, silica nanoparticles were stabilized against aggregation by high ionic strength and/or proteins. Turbidimetry and dynamic light scattering showed that "zwitterated" nanoparticles did not exhibit a significant increase in hydrodynamic radius. When challenged with 3 M NaCl or 50\% fetal bovine serum, aggregation was inhibited for at least 24 h, longer with mild heat treatment, which produced nanoparticles with zero net surface charge. These findings suggest "zwitteration" of silica-capped nanoparticles provides excellent stability for in vivo circulation diagnostics and therapies.
This article was published in Langmuir
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques