Achromia, achromasia, or achromatosis called as Albinism. it is a rare group of genetic disorders that cause the skin, hair, or eyes to have little or no colour. Albinism is also associated with vision problems. Albinism is caused by a defect in one of several genes that produce or distribute melanin. The defect may result in the absence of melanin production, or a reduced amount of melanin production. They include Absence of colour in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye, Lighter than normal skin and hair, Patchy, missing skin colour. Many forms of albinism are associated with the following symptoms: Crossed eyes , Light sensitivity, Rapid eye movements , Vision problems, or functional blindness.
Tests includes electroretinogram, gene can give most accurate way to diagnose albinism. Such testing is helpful if you have a family history of albinism. the condition based on the appearance of yourskin, hair, and eyes. An ophthalmologist may perform an which is a test that can reveal vision problems related to albinism. Because albinism is a genetic disorder, treatment is limited. Therefore treatment involves protecting the skin and eyes from the sun: Reduce sunburn risk by avoiding the sun, using sunscreen, and covering up completely with clothing when exposed to the sun
statistics are calucated by depending up on the case reports occured in the year According to the National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation (NOAH), approximately one in 1658 people have a form of albinism.