Aortic stenosis is narrowing of the aortic valve, blocking conveyance of blood from the heart to the body. Aortic stenosis can be brought about by intrinsic bicuspid aortic valve, scarred aortic valve of rheumatic fever, and wearing of aortic valve in the elderly. Valvular aortic stenosis results in ceaseless left ventricular weight over-burdening. At any phase of life, be that as it may, the regular history of aortic stenosis to a great extent mirrors the practical uprightness of the mitral valve.
Aortic valve malady is a gradually dynamic issue with a diseasecontinuum that ranges from mellow valve thickening without obstacle of blood stream, termed aortic sclerosis, to serious calcification with debilitated handout movement, or aortic stenosis.The three principal symptoms of aortic stenosis are chest pain with exertion, shortness of breath with exertion due to failure of the left ventricle, and sudden loss of consciousness; weakness, fatigue and heart palpitations may also be present.
Statistics: In Russia the prevalence rate of Aortic valve disease is estimated to be approximately 0.5%. The prevalence of moderate or severe aortic stenosis in patients more than 65-75 years old is 1.0%. It is the most common valvular heart disease of the elderly and increases with age. Aortic valve disease is approximately 0.9% at age 75 years and 4.9% at 85-95 years.