The study is based on clinical analysis of 207 case recordings of children with urinary tract infection (UTI) hospitalized in The Department of Pediatric Nephrology, University Hospital, Lublin in 1995-1999. The study comprised children aged 1-18 years, average 8.8 +/- 0.4 (77.8% girls). Recurrent UTI was observed in 76.8% of children. Acute UTI was diagnosed in 20.8% of children. In 2.4% of children UTI was detected during hospitalization because of other diseases. In all children urinary X-ray examination was performed.