Cancer related to blood cells is called as Leukemia. Under Leukemia condition, bone marrow produces abnormal cancerous blood cells that crowd out the normal and healthy blood cells. Leukemia is of different types based which blood cell type has become cancerous. White blood cells are more to prone to become cancerous than RBCs and platelets. Leukemia can be acute or chronic and Lymphocytic or Myelogenous. It occurs most commonly in adults above 55 years and children younger than 15 years. The treatment methods used depend on the blood cell affected and whether the leukemia is acute or chronic or Lymphocytic or Myelogenous. Chemotherapy is frequently used to treat leukemia.
Leukaemia represents the most common type of child cancer in Russia which counts to 33%. The peak incidence of childhood leukaemia (specifically, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia) is most commonly observed in children aged 2 to 6 years old. About 20 years ago, Russian haematologists could cure no more than 5% children with leukaemia. A breakthrough took place when Russian physicians started training in the West and gained experience from working with foreign colleagues.