Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spinal axis has a three-dimensional deviation. Scoliosis is a lateral curvature in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. When viewed from the side, the spine shows a mild roundness in the upper back and degree of swayback in the lower back. Congenital scoliosis: Caused by a bone abnormality present at birth. Neuromuscular scoliosis: Abnormal muscles or nerves. Seen in people with spina bifida or cerebral palsy or paralysis.
Suspected causes of scoliosis include connective tissue disorders, muscle disorders, hormonal imbalance and abnormality of the nervous system. Spinal cord and brainstem abnormalities may also contribute to scoliosis. The condition can also be hereditary.Scoliosis is an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine that is found in children and adolescents. In most cases, scoliosis is painless. However, it can become gradually more severe if left untreated, resulting in chronic back pain. Severe cases can cause deformities, impair development and life-threatening. The cause of most cases of scoliosis cases is idiopathic.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown.The Population Estimated Used was 143,974,059 and the Extrapolated Prevalence is 431,922.