Shin splints, also known as medial tibia stress syndrome (MTSS), are defined by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons as "pain along the inner edge of the shinbone (tibia)." Shin splints are usually caused by repeated trauma to the connective muscle tissue surrounding the tibia. They are a common injury affecting athletes who engage in running sports or other forms of physical activity, including running and jumping. They are characterized by general pain in the lower region of the leg between the knee and the ankle.
Pain, dizziness, fatigue, or anxiety, swelling or discoloration. aching pain in the front part of the lower leg. For some, the pain and discomfort emerge only during exercise, while for others it comes after the physical activity is over.
Risk factors for developing shin splints include:
Smoking and low fitness level. While medial tibial stress syndrome is the most common form of shin splints.
compartment syndrome and stress fractures are also common forms of shin splints.