Stress incontinence is the unintentional or uncontrollable leakage of urine. It is a serious and embarrassing disorder, which can lead to social isolation. Stress incontinence typically occurs when certain kinds of physical movement puts pressure on your bladder. Laughing, sneezing, coughing, jumping, vigorous exercise, and heavy lifting can all cause stress incontinence. Any pressure placed on the abdomen and bladder can lead to the loss of urine. It’s important to remember that the term “stress” is used in a strictly physical sense when describing stress incontinence. Emotional stress is not a factor in this type of urinary disorder. The “stress” refers to excessive pressure on the bladder. Both men and women can have episodes of stress incontinence.
Lower respiratory tract infections are, in people with HIV, the most common cause of hospitalization in an intensive care unit (ICU), according to a 2007 report from University College Hospital (UCH), London. Nearly half of people with HIV admitted to ICUs (48%) had a pulmonary (lung) infection, with Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) and bacterial pneumonia being the diagnosis in 80% of them. A 2009 US study reported about 40% of HIV-positive people in intensive care were admitted with respiratory failure, including pneumonia and other lung conditions such as emphysema. Treatment for stress incontinence varies according to the underlying cause of your problem. Behavioral Therapy Behavioral therapy means changing the way you live to reduce the episodes of stress incontinence.
Several types of procedures are available and include vaginal repairs and other procedures to lift the bladder and urethra. These surgeries are being perfected on an ongoing basis and a qualified surgeon can explain your many options. During the surgery, doctors will try to provide your urethra and bladder with more support. A sling procedure uses your own tissues to create a support structure for the urethra. The Mayo Clinic states that slings are used more often in women than in men. Urologist—doctor who specializes in the urinary tract—may also choose to inject collagen directly into the supportive tissues of your urethra.