Toxic hepatitis refers to inflammation of the liver due to medication or exposure to toxic chemicals, drugs, pollutants and nutritional supplements. Symptoms include jaundice, itching, abdominal pain, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, rash, weight loss and dark or tea-colored urine. One of the liver's roles involves removing and breaking down most drugs and chemicals from your bloodstream. Breaking down toxins creates byproducts that can damage the liver. According to the Central Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology, a total of people who tested positive to hepatitis antibodies in the country are over 1.5 million. Women are at a greater risk of toxic hepatitis compared to men. A large number of people in Russia develop toxic hepatitis due to consumption of illicit liquor.
Toxic hepatitis must be treated immediately to reduce the liver damage. Removal of the offending chemical or drug leads to rapid improvement. No other specific therapy is needed. People with severe symptoms are likely to receive supportive therapy in the hospital, including intravenous fluids and medication to relieve nausea and vomiting. Liver transplantation should be considered for patients with life-threatening liver damage. Patients should be advised to limit consumption of alcohol, avoid using over-the-counter medication, and avoid exposure to harmful chemicals. The government should take measures to prevent sale of illicit and bootlegged alcohol.