Traveler's diarrhea is a digestive tract disorder that commonly causes loose stools and abdominal cramps. It's caused by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Fortunately, traveler's diarrhea usually isn't serious — it's just unpleasant. Disease statistics in Russia are between 30% and 50% of women have never been infected with Traveler's diarrhea, about 1%-4% of (1-4 of every 100) uninfected women have a primary (or first) infection during a pregnancy.
The mainstay of treatment is fluid replacement and an antimotility drug such as loperamide 4 mg po initially, followed by 2 mg po for each subsequent episode of diarrhea qid in tablet or liquid form may reduce the Traveler's diarrhea. All individuals traveling to a high-risk area are encouraged to carry antibiotics for self-treatment of TD. To date, 3 antibiotics have been found to be effective for shortening the duration of TD, these drugs include fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin), rifaximin (Xifaxan, Salix), and azithromycin.