Tuberculosis (TB) in the past also called phthisis, phthisis pulmonalis, or consumption, is a widespread, infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
According to WHO statistics 2013, in Russia the TB mortality is recorded 17,000 out of 160,000 prevalent cases. Mortality of HIV positive TB accounts for 1,400.
Treatment of TB uses antibiotics to kill the bacteria. Effective TB treatment is difficult, due to the unusual structure and chemical composition of the mycobacterial cell wall.
A number of medications are being studied for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. The safety and effectiveness of these new agents are still uncertain since they are result of limited studies.