Vulvar cancer is a sporadic type of cancer which forms in a woman's external genitals, called the vulva. The cancer habitually grows slowly over several years. Firstly, precancerous cells grow on vulvar skin. This is called vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), or dysplasia. Not all VIN cases turn into cancer, but it is best to treat it early. There are different types of vulvar cancer i.e Squamous cell carcinomas, Adenocarcinoma, Melanoma, Sarcoma, Basal cell carcinoma.
Disease Statistics: Russian Federation has a population of 65.95 million women aged 15 years and older who are at risk of developing cervical cancer. Current estimates indicate that every year 15342 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 7371 die from the disease. Based on Russian Federation studies performing HPV detection tests in cervical samples, about 9.4% of women in the general population are estimated to harbour cervical HPV-16/18 infection at a given time, and 73.8% of invasive cervical cancers are attributed to HPVs 16 or 18.
Treatment: Depending on the nature and stage of the vulvar cancer, a person may need one type of treatment. The 3 main types of treatment used for patients with vulvar cancer are
• Surgery can be Laser surgery, Excision, Vulvectomy
• Radiation therapy
Research: Researcher study for the ethical and safety reasons, experimental treatments must be tested in the laboratory before they can be tried in patients. Second vulvar cancer can develop at different times after recognizing of the first. Long-term careful clinical controlling of groups of patients treated for cervical cancer is necessary. 2. In 6 cases (60.0%) patients were treated successfully by surgery.