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Research Article Open Access
AJK (Azad Jammu and Kashmir) is known as Pakistan Administered Kashmir and the government is a small administrative unit under overall sovereignty of Pakistan. It has a total area of 13297 sq kilometers with a 3.8 million population. This study critically examines the problems of primary education system in AJK State specifically in govt. primary schools in Pakistan administrative Kashmir, a part of former princely state called Azad Jammu and Kashmir. For this purpose a significant assessment of on hand literature was passed out. On the basis of deeper and critical investigation of literature, the study found that most neglected level of education is primary education which is poorly financed and poorly managed. The political interference in the system breeds corruption, favoritism and nepotism. The supervision system is weak and traditionally characterized having no effective mechanism for teacher training and poor system of accountability exist. Successive educational policies have failed to bring any positive changes in the system due to poor implementation and monitoring. The outdated curriculum of the primary education is executed. Assessment is based on the memory of the students rather than their performance. On the basis of this study it is recommended that problems can be solved by robust system of accountability, quality assessment system, eradication of corruption, non political interference, and quality curriculum and teachers motivation.
Primary education, Causes of problems, Foundation of education, Recommended solutions, Relative Circumstantial Position, Victimization, Marginalization, Patriarchy, Morals, Caste System.