alexa Abstract | Acoustic Injury and TRPV1 Expression in the Cochlear Spiral Ganglion

The International Tinnitus Journal
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Clinical Science Open Access

Abstract

Acoustic trauma not only produces temporary and permanent hearing loss but is a common cause of chronic tinnitus. Recent work indicated a possible role for the transient receptor potential channel vanilloid subfamily type 1 (TRPV1) in modulating the effects of cochlear injury. In our research, we investigated the effects of acoustic damage on TRPV1 expression in spiral ganglion neurons of adult rats. After exposing them unilaterally to noise, we extracted cochleas and processed the spiral ganglion for TRPV1 expression at four posttrauma intervals (2 hours, 24 hours, 12 days, and 16.9 months). We measured TRPV1 immunodensity in the apical, middle, and basal turns of the cochlea. We found a significant interaction ( p  .039) between posttrauma interval and regional cochlear receptor expression: For survival intervals between 24 hours and 2 weeks, TRPV1 density increased in all cochlear regions; at the longest survival interval (16.9 months), TRPV1 density was dramatically reduced in the basal region. We also psychophysically tested the long-survival subjects, which showed evidence of 20-kHz tonal tinnitus. These results suggest that TRPV1 may participate after cochlear injury in a signal cascade that is responsible for the neuroplastic events leading to tinnitus and hyperacusis.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image

Author(s): Carol A Bauer Thomas J Brozoski and Kristin S Myers

Keywords

acoustic trauma, animal model, spiral ganglion tinnitus, TRPV1, vanilloid receptor

 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords