alexa Abstract | An Educational Intervention to Promote Breast Self Examination for Early Diagnosis of Benign/Malignant Breast Disease

International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health
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Abstract

Background: Breast cancer is the second most common malignancy affecting female worldwide. Study was done with the objectives of to educate female for detection of benign/malignant breast disease by breast self examination (BSE). Objectives: To detect new cases and promote them to teach other females in their contact.

Methodology: This was a community based cross sectional study.

Results: Total 110 women were educated about BSE, according to age majority (40%) was between 15-25 years, in our observations delay of menarche( 15-18 years) in women is having more chance to get lump 37.77%, followed by 20% among menopausal women and 23.5% unmarried women. According to age of early marriage (15 years), only 18% were detected lump in contrast age of marriage increases from 15 to 21 years chance of detecting lump increases two times higher 40%. Nulliparous women were detected lump in little higher percentage 33% than one child 23%, in our observation chance of lump decrease with increase parity. Age at birth of first child if is less than 16 years only 7% were detected lump in contrast if delay in birth of first child up to 23 years or more three time more lump was detected 23% . No major percentage deference between those who users of oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) and non-users, both are observed 28% & 26% respectively.25% of females was detected lump in the breast during study. All 28 females were referred to medical college hospital and 2 were confirmed malignancy in biopsy report and operated.

Conclusion: All the participants were unaware of breast self examination techniques initially and now they are aware of it and participating regularly, around 25% females were detected lump in the breast during study. All 28 females were referred to medical college hospital and 2 (7.14%) were confirmed malignant in biopsy report and operated. According to our observation females who have late menarche (at 17-18 year of age) late marriage (after 25 years) and who don’t breast feed or feed less than 3 months are prone to develop benign or malignant breast diseases. According to our observation OCPs consumption is not significant risk factor for breast diseases

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Author(s): Gupta Sanjay Kumar Khare Neeraj Khare Sonali Gaur Neeraj Nandeshwar Sunil

Keywords

Breast self Examination, ICDS, Breast lump (disease)

 
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