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Research Article Open Access
The overall aim of this research was to investigate factors affecting the educational needs of warm-water fish breeders in Sari. This study was an applied, descriptive, and correlation research which was conducted using questionnaire survey. The study population consisted of 422 warm-water fish farmers in Sari. In this regard, the study population was estimated based on Cochran 196 formula and sampling was done by proportional stratified sampling method. To assess the educational needs of warm-water fish farmers, Borich model was used. The results of the Cronbach's alpha coefficient, ordinal Theta and combined reliability for the questionnaire were 0.816, 0.803 and 0.760, respectively. The mean of age and years of activity of warm-water fish farmers were 43.66 and 12.83 years, respectively. Moreover, their performances and incomes were 2.4 tons per hectare and 4362000 thousand Rials, respectively. The most appropriate educational methods and ways of getting information were warm-water fish breeders’ discussions and meetings with each other and with the corresponding experts. In addition, the highest priority for social characteristics was warm-water fish breeders’ Union membership. The results of multiple regression analysis on the effects of independent variables on educational needs of warm-water fish breeders indicated that 54.9 percent of educational needs variance of warm-water fish breeders in Sari was determined by seven factors including social characteristics, work experience, age, economic, performance, income, and use of facilities.
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Author(s): Mehdi Charmchian Langerodi and Saeed Rastgoo and Maryam Taghvaee
Educational needs assessment, Borich Model, warm-water fish breeders, Sari