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Research Article Open Access
The fat matter from Afraegle paniculata has been extracted from its almonds by means of a Soxhlet apparatus with hexane (38.4% average grade). This is unconventional golden yellow colored oil, mainly consisting of 48.56% oleic acid, 19.52% stearic acid, palmitic acid 17.95% and 12.06% of linoleic acid. This oil presents itself like a source of essential fatty acids. Its content of unsaponifiable matter is 1.325%. Its Physical characteristics namely density (0.8844), the refractive index (1.468), were determined following the IUPAC standardized methods. The saponification value (200.55), acid value (2.08), ester value (197.75), iodine number (105.75), peroxide number (3.43) and the lower calorific value (39518.88 kJ/kg) evaluated according to the standardized methods, meet the physicochemical properties of this oil that confer its nutritional quality.
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Author(s): Souleymane Bamba Janat Akhanovna MamyrbekovaBekro David Virieux Guy Roger Mida Kabran JeanLuc Pirat and YvesAlain Bekro
Afraegle paniculata, almonds, fat matter, fatty acids, physicochemical characteristics, Côte d’Ivoire, `chemistry