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Research Article Open Access
Introduction: Urolithiasis is the third most common urological disease affecting both males and females worldwide. Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to stone formation.
Aims and objectives: The present study was aimed to qualitative analyse the renal stones for evaluating their chemical constituents and to report their significance.
Material and methods: The study was conducted on 94 renal stones received in Biochemistry laboratory for qualitative analysis over a period of 2 years.
Results: It was observed that the highest incidence of renal stones was in the age group of 31-60 years. The incidence in males and females was in the ratio of 3.3:1. The chemical analysis of renal stones showed that 90.4% of the analysed renal stones were of mixed type.
Conclusion: The study concluded that it is important to know the chemical composition of stone as it is useful in advising people for taking preventive measures for reducing the risk of prevalence and recurrence can be considerably reduced by suitable reforms in diet and treatment regimen.
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Author(s): Harpreet Kaur Jagmohan Singh Minni Verma and Kamaljit Singh
renal stones, urolithiasis, calcium oxalate, urates, phosphates