alexa Abstract | Assessment of the quality of sachet water consumed in urban townships of Ghana using physico-chemical indicators: A preliminary study

Advances in Applied Science Research
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article Open Access

Abstract

This research was carried out to assess the quality of sachet water vended in some urban towns of Ghana. Thirtyeight brands of sachet water vended by street sellers in Odumase-Krobo, Nsawam townships and Accra Metropolis were assessed for their physical and chemical parameters using standard methods. Physical parameters such as pH, total dissolved solids, total hardness, turbidity and conductivity were determined by instrumental methods. Chemical characteristics measured included Na, K, SO4 2-, Cl-, Mg, PO4 3-, HCO3 -, Cu, Cr and Pb. Na and K were determined using a Sherwood flame photometer. Cl- and HCO3 - were determined by standard titrimetric methods. SO42-, PO43-, and NO3- were determined by UV- spectrophotometric method. Cu, Cr and Pb was determined in the dissolved form using atomic absorption spectrometry technique in an air-acetylene flame. Physical examinations was also carried out on some samples to ascertain whether sachet water sold on the market bore Ghana Food and Drugs Board registration number and met product labelling requirements. The data showed variations in some investigated parameters as follows: pH 5.55-7.22, electrical conductivity 3.84-410μS/cm, Pb BDL-0.221 mg/L SO42- <0.001- 30.33mg/L, TDS 1.40-202.0mg/L, turbidity 0-3mg/L, bicarbonate 2.44-60.96mg/L, Na 1.3-76.1mg/L, K 0-10.0mg/L. The concentrations of copper and chromium were below detectable limits, while lead levels exceeded the WHO guideline value for majority of the samples (68%).

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image

Author(s): M Ackah A K Anim E T Gyamfi J Acquah E S Nyarko L Kpattah S E Brown J E K Hanson J R Fianko N Zakaria

Keywords

Drinking water quality, sachet water, townships, physico-chemical parameters, Drinking water quality

 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords