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Research Article Open Access
People’s reaction about situations is affected by perceptions and their cognitive evaluation of those situations. Therefore people’s styles or ways of explaining events have been paid attention in last three decades that may have an important role in mental health. The purpose of this research is obtaining information about relationship of attribution styles with mental health. This research is descriptive and correlation study. 370 students (male and female) in bachelor degree at Islamic Azad University of Lahijan selected by stratified random sampling method and completed Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ) and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). The correlation analysis finding shows that there isn’t significant relationship between mental health and attribution style after success and after failure. In addition, two independent samples t-test showed that there isn’t significant difference between general score of mental health and attribution style after success and failure in two genders. However, the mean of all subscales of psychological symptoms were more in girls than boys. Regarding the finding of the research and the role of attribution style with mental health, it’s better to make necessary solution for formation of positive explanation style from early childhood by families and teachers through enrichment of responsibilities, hope and tirelessness and enhancing internal control at children.
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Author(s): Zahra Froughi
attribution styles, mental health, students