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Research Article Open Access
Distillery effluent is perilous and hazardous to human race by polluting the water bodies and soil. In whole world every year the total production of distillery products is less then the production of distillery effluents. And due to this the ecological balance continuously disturbing and the food web and food chain of organism also ill effected with the toxic pollutants released from distillery effluents in environment. In present time there are lots of microorganism used to bioremediate the pollutants from industries. In this research work we had used the microbial consortium for the bioremediation of distillery effluents. Consortium was made by the white rot fungus (Phanerochaete chrysosporium)MTCC787. which produced maximum levels of ligninolytic enzymes along with isolated organism i.e. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aspergillus niger from distillery effluents. Phanerochaete chrysosporium in respect to Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aspergillus niger showed a maximum decolorization zone (31.0 mm) inoculated with brilliant blue dye plates with in 15 days of incubation. It also shows the maximum ligninolytic activity on 13th day in flask studies as compared to other isolates. This WRF was used in combination with the other isolated organism i.e. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aspergillus niger from distillery effluent showed significantly better variations in reducing color (87.8%),Dissolved sulphites (96.8%), COD (60.7%) ,BOD (59.4%) and Sulphates (63.5%), respectively on 15 days of incubation when compared to these organism used alone.
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Author(s): Sumit Pal and Vimala Y
Distillery effluents, bioremediation, microbial consortium, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, BOD, COD, Decolorization