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The spike tail paradise fish Pseudosphromenus cupanus (Cuvier), a hardy indigenous ornamental fish inhabiting a wide variety of inland aquatic ecosystems in India, can be bred easily in the aquarium tanks. As a typical anabantoid fish it exhibits bubble nest building and interesting breeding behaviour. The nest building behaviour shown by the male indicates its readiness to spawn and the process include leading-to-the-nest behaviour by males, scratching behaviour, mating behaviour including anabantoid embrace, and placing eggs into the bubble nest both by the males and females. The one male: one female ratio was found to be good ratio for successful breeding; on an average about 438 eggs were extruded by single female during complete spawning.
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Author(s): BK Sneha ChandranV Jayaprakas and A Biju Kumar
Anabantoid embrace, nuptial colouration, bubble nest, ethology., physiology, cell and molecular biology, genetics, biochemistry, biotechnology, bioinformatics, microbiology, immunology, parasitology