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Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the leading cause of cardiovascular death. The CAD risk factors dyslipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and diabetes are related to dietary intake and their metabolism. However, the association between carbohydrate, lipid, and protein components of dietary intake and the significant CAD remains elusive; and it never been reported among Asian population. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factor profile of significant CAD of young Indonesian patients and to compare those components of dietary intake in those patients with and without significant CAD. Within the framework of this Cardiometabolic Investigation study, a case / control group was established comprising 22 patients with significant CAD (case group) and 14 patients without or non-significant CAD (control group) aged ≤50 years all of whom were admitted to the Dr. Kariadi Hospital. The multivariate analysis of the risk factors for significant CAD were energy intake >1750 kcal/day (OR=14.4; p=0.005) and smoking habit (OR=7.7; p=0.036). The energy intake of the patients with significant CAD was significantly higher than that of the control (2005.25±85.91 vs. 1695.56±128.19 kcal/day; p=0.003). While the lipid and protein component of the energy intake did not vary significantly between those two groups, the carbohydrate intake in the significant CAD group was significantly higher than that of the control group (1142.99±38.11 vs. 950.00±75.88 kcal/day; p=0.018). Conclusion: In addition to the smoking habit, a high carbohydrate intake could pose a risk factor for the significant CAD in young Indonesian patients.
carbohydrate, coronary artery disease, young Indonesian patients