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Drug addiction during pregnancy and postpartum period is undoubtedly connected to maternal and fetal morbidity. Accordingly, there is a great need of proper approach, support and health care provision of addicted women during this special phase of their lives. Aim: The aim of this review was to explore evidence based practices for caring for substance abuse pregnant women by midwife. Methods: A thorough literature research was performed in different nursing and medical databases such as Medline, Embase, Cinahl and Cochran Library, using relevant with this review keywords. Results: Motherhood concerns health professionals of various specialities, who require special training and studies regarding drug addiction and its consequences for the mother-to-be as well as the fetus. A sufficient supporting network aiming to addicted women‘s care and treatment throughout pregnancy and postpartum period can be created only with the state‘s contribution. Conclusion: The creation of sufficiently organized health care centers, which are made especially for addicted pregnant women‘s support and are staffed with interdisciplinary teams, is more than necessary.
Drug addiction, dependence, pregnancy, postpartum, health professionals