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Original Articles Open Access
Sunlight, especially UV radiation, is known forits beneficial effects, but even more for its harmful ones. As a result, the use of sunscreen preparations have been growing recently, which has led to their efficacy and safety being a current topic of investigation. The aim of this work was to obtain intercalation compounds of UVA avobenzone (AVO) and UVB ethylhexylmethoxycinnamate(EHMC) sunscreens and an organophilicbentonite (OB), in which the sunscreens were chosen because of the problems associated with their use, and the clay for its already described capacity to act as a physical sunscreen. The intercalation compounds (AVO-OB and EHMC-OB) were obtained by a solution technique and characterized using transmission electronic microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), powder X-ray diffraction (XRPD) and thermal analyses (TG/DSC). The basal spacing data of OB was maintained in both. Furthermore, the TEM micrographs of both corroborate the XRPD results. Thermal analysis confirmed the formation of intercalation compounds with the disappearance of the melting point peaks of the sunscreens. Moreover, the concentrations of sunscreens in AVO-OB and EHMC-OB were quantified, at around 1% and 3%, respectively. These data account for the FTIR bands of the guest molecule overlapping those of the clay. All these findings demonstrated the intercalation, in a simple process, of AVO or EHMC in the layered structure of bentonite. The investigation of these nanocomposite systems on the preservation of the sunscreen properties in order to enhance the SPF and avoid sunscreen contact with the skin are our next steps.
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Author(s): Camila Braga Dornelas Katyane Rodrigues Miguel ngelo Santos PinheiroSegundoRafael Jos Ribeiro Padilha Gardenia De Sousa Pinheiro Alejandro Pedro Ayala andNereide Stela SantosMagalhes
Avobenzone, ethylhexylmethoxycinnamate, intercalation compounds, layered clay, sunscreen