alexa Abstract | Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of essential oil of Zataria multiflora Boiss. (Lamiaceae) against Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

European Journal of Experimental Biology
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This work aims to investigate chemical composition and toxic potential of Zataria multiflora essential oil on Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera,pyralidae).The essential oil of dried leaves and flowers was extracted using Clevenger-type apparatus. The essential oil was analyzed by GC/MS.The major compounds were Thymul (26.32%)and Carvacrol (25.51%). Toxicity of this essential oil against Ephestia kuehniella was evaluated by fumigation method. The appropriate concentrations of essential oil were tested against adults and larvae at 27±1°C and 65±5% RH under dark conditions. Probit analysis showed that the LC50 values for adults were 0.98 μl/l air and for larvae was 20.67 μl/l air. Results showed that Zataria multiflora has a potential toxicity against Ephestia kuehniella and could be useful for integrated pest management of Ephestia kuehniella.

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Author(s): Lena Emamjomeh Sohrab Imani Khalil Talebi Saeid Moharramipour and Kambiz Larijani


clevenger, fumigation method, GC/MS.

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