alexa Abstract | ‘concerns of patients on dialysis: a research study’

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Abstract

Background: Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) is a public health problem that has serious impact on mental and psychological health of patients undergoing haemodialysis. Aim: The aim of this quantitative research study was to investigate the psychological impact of dialysis on the quality of life of patients with End Stage Renal Failure (ESRF). Material-Method: The sample study included 100 patients undergoing haemodialysis in four hospitals in Athens. Data was collected by the completion of a questionnaire KDQOL-SF, incorporating the tool overview of the SF-36 Health and an additional questionnaire that included demographic characteristics. Literature review was based on studies, reviews and articles derived from international (Medline, PubMed, Cinahl, Scopus) and Greek (Iatrotek) data bases concerning psychological problems of people with renal failure. Results: The average number of participants was between 50 to 59 years old, with a rate of 69% being male and 31% women. Psychological disorders appeared to affect the population of patients at a large extent, with a sample rate feeling lack of rest (43.8 %), lack of joy (41.1 %), feeling tired (41.8 %) and irritability (37.5 %). The main stressor for these patients was the disease itself (41.7 %), dietary restrictions (25 %), restriction of fluid intake (32.7 %), decreased ability to travel (29.5 %), anxiety and sleep disorders (68.1 %). The sexual life (59.8%) and appearance (57.7 %) did not concern all participants. Decreased physical function was shown by spending less time for activities (53.8 %), difficulty in performing work (51.6 %) and making fewer activities than they would like (62.8 %). Conclusions: Specific variables, such as age, gender, frequency and duration of dialysis, education, physical functioning, mental health and effects of the disease can affect either positively or negatively the quality of patients’ life.

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Author(s): Gerogianni Stavroula

 
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