alexa Abstract | Cross-sectional Study of Hypertension in a Neighborhood in Singapore

Insights in Blood Pressure
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article Open Access


Introduction: Hypertension is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke and renal failure. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of hypertension, its awareness, treatment and blood pressure (BP) control in Singapore.
Methods: We performed a cross-sectional, community-based study in Toa Payoh on a random sample of 409 participants aged 40 years and above. We performed three BP measurements; mean of the last two was considered the BP value and calculated prevalence, odds ratios (OR) and 95 percent confidence intervals (CI) where appropriate.
Results: The age-standardized prevalence of hypertension was 53.8 percent (men: 58.0 percent, women: 50.8 percent). Among hypertensive, 72.7 percent were aware of their disease, 62.3 percent were treated and 27.3 percent were previously undiagnosed. Factors positively associated with undiagnosed hypertension: being unmarried/without spouse (OR [95 percent CI]: 2.29 [1.25-4.21]), current smoking (OR [95 percent CI]: 3.56 [1.66-7.63]), employed full-time (OR [95 percent CI]: 2.72 [1.46-5.06]). Factors negatively associated: presence of diabetes (OR [95%CI]: 0.16 [0.05-0.53]), or coronary artery disease (OR [95 percent CI]: 0.09 [0.01- 0.69]). Among treated hypertensive, 49.6 percent had poor BP control. Factors associated with poor control: primary school education (OR [95 percent CI]: 3.60 [1.71-7.54]), unemployed/homemaker (OR [95 percent CI]: 2.37 [1.01-5.53]), no physical activity (OR [95 percent CI]: 2.12 [1.06-4.23]) and no recent GP visits (OR [95 percent CI]: 2.51 [1.27-5.01]).
Conclusion: Approximately half of adults aged 40 years and above in Toa Payoh have hypertension. More than one-quarter was previously undiagnosed. Among those on treatment, approximately half had BP’s higher than currently recommended levels.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image | Peer-reviewed Full Article image

Author(s): Nieh CC Ho LM J SuleHo SH C Shi A Shankar and Wong TY


Hypertension, Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, Control, Crosssectional study, Singapore, Diastolic Blood Pressure, Systolic Blood Pressure, Hypertension-Elevated Blood Flow

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version