alexa Abstract | Do Cardiovascular Risk Factors have an impact on Blood Pressure Control in Hypertensive Patients?

International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health
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Abstract

Background: Previous studies have shown that hypertensive patients have at least one additional cardiovascular risk factor also blood pressure (BP) control is crucial in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and their association with blood pressure BP control status in hypertensive patients.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study 1158 subjects with an established diagnosis of hypertension were included. The data collection was done using family records.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 66.0 years and 61.3% were female. The prevalence of obesity, diabetes, smoking and family history of BP were 18.3%, 4.3%, 11.2% and 20.5%, respectively. Overall, control of the hypertension was found in 28.4% of the study population. After adjustment for baseline variables the likelihood of having well control of BP was 15.24 times greater among the diabetic patients, 2 times greater among the female patients, 0.27 times greater among smokers, 2.12 times greater among obese subjects and 1.8 times greater among patients with family history of BP that these were significant.

Conclusion: Analysis showed that cardiovascular risk factors such as advancing age, smoking, diabetes and higher body mass index in hypertensive patients are prevalent. Integrative management of BP as well as co-morbid risk factors should be encouraged

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Author(s): Shahab Rezaeian

Keywords

Blood pressure control, Hypertensive patients, Cardiovascular risk factors, Propensity score, Iran

 
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