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Background: Labour pain is the most severe form of pain that every woman may experience during intranatal life. Severe pain makes stress response which may lead to harmful effects on both mother and her fetus. This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of aromatherapy and biofeedback in promotion of labour outcome during childbirth among primigravidas. Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 600 nulliparous women selected randomly who were expected to have a normal childbirth. Cases were randomly assigned to Aromatherapy group (n=200), biofeedback group (n=200) groups and control group (n=200). The investigator rated the pain by using visual pain analog scale. Results: Sixty Nine percent (n=137) of cases in aroma massage group expressed it was helpful, provided pain relief and emotional wellbeing during labour. Our findings suggested, aromatherapy was helpful in reduction of duration of labour (p<0.0001). Biofeedback is also an effective in reducing pain and duration of labour during childbirth compared with the non-experimental group. Conclusion: The results of this present study indicated that the use of Aromatherapy and Biofeedback were both effective methods of reducing pain perception and duration of labour among women during labor.
Aromatherapy, Biofeedback, Childbirth, Labour pain, Primigravida