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Research Article Open Access
More than 90% of women have experienced the premenstrual syndrome consisting of a set of psychological, behavioral and corporeal signals. This disorder has a very important effect on the married, social life and mental health of women, since it influences on the social, professional and familial function. Although it is a long time that this syndrome has been discovered, but there is no theoretical approach in this regard. This research examines the effectiveness of existential and Lazarus’s multi modal approach on the decreasing of signals (mental and corporeal) of premenstrual syndrome and increasing the quality of life in women. To determine the effectiveness of approaches in this study we used quasi- experimental method, multi-group pretest and posttest with the random selection of cases. The statistical population of this research consists of the entire women affected by premenstrual syndrome who referred to Hor Ladies Institute of Cultural Center in Tehran city. Samples of this study consists of 45 people of given statistical population that were selected randomly and placed in the 3 groups of 15 people (experimental and control). To collect data the testing tools of Abraham- Tilor’s semiology and the quality of life of World Health Organization with short form was used. The collected data were analyzed by multi variant covariance analysis. In existential therapy group symptoms of premenstrual syndrome was decreasing and the quality of live was increasing than control group and in Lazarus Multimodal Therapy group only quality of life increased and the rate of decreasing symptoms in existential therapy group was more than control group. Using existential therapy methods for improvement of PMS signals and QL, and Lazarus multimodal therapy for increasing QL of sufferer women is suggested.
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Author(s): Masoomeh Gian Baqeri Kiumars Farahbakhsh Mohammadreza Falsafinegad and Abdollah Shafiabadi
Existential therapy, Lazarus’s multi modal therapy, premenstrual syndrome, quality of life