alexa Abstract | Efficacy of The Ethanolic Extracts of Talinum Triangulare (Jacq) for Control of The Fresh Water Snail, Bulinus Globosus, The Vector of Urinary Schistosomiasis

International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Abstract

Phyto- molluscides have received considerable attention in search of safe, environmentally friendly and cheaper alternative to existing synthetic molluscicides in the control of schistosomiasis. Bioassay was carried out using ethanolic extracts of leaf, root and a combination of leaf and root of Talinum triangulare on Bulinus globosus snails that are intermediate host of Schistosoma haematobium which causes urinary schistosomiasis. The experimental groups in triplicates were exposed to serial dilutions (160, 320, 480, 640 and 800 ppm) of ethanolic extracts of the different plants parts for three days while the control groups were exposed to water collected from the snails habitat and kept at the same laboratory conditions. The concentrations of all the extracts were mollluscicidal except the lower concentrations (160-480 ppm) of the leaf extracts. Ethanolic root extracts showed the highest potency (125.89 ppm), followed by the combination of leaf and root extracts (316.20 ppm) while the least potency was found in the leaf extracts (1000 ppm). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed significant variation between the treatments (F-ratio= 28.90 P < 0.05) in the ethanolic leaf extracts. Histopathological examination showed normal cells in the gastro intestinal tissue of B. globosus exposed to the control groups while there were tissue damages like necrosis, disruption of cytoplasm and nucleus, the appearance of dead cells and cytolysis of cells in the treated B. globosus. It is concluded that the plant extracts caused the histopathological damage which led to the death of these snails. Since organic compounds are more environmentally friendly than the synthetic chemicals, these plant extracts are recommended for further evaluation of field trials for the control of B. globosus.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image

Author(s): JA Okete EA Edu EE Oku and I A Sadiq

Keywords

Ethanolic extracts, Talinum triangulare, Efficacy, Mollluscicidal, Histopathological damage Bulinus globosus., physiology, cell and molecular biology, genetics, biochemistry, biotechnology, bioinformatics, microbiology, immunology, parasitology

 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us