alexa Abstract | Evaluating the Association between Anthropometric Indices and Cardiovascular Risk Factors with Symptomatic Peripheral Arterial Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Interventional Cardiology Journal
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article Open Access


Objectives: The main aim of the study was to find the association between obesity and other anthropometric indices with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Furthermore, we investigated other risk factors of symptomatic PAD in T2DM.

Study Design: In a case-control design, 46 cases and 69 controls were enrolled, aged between 40 and 75 years. Cases were age and gender matched with controls. Ankle-brachial index (ABI) <0.9 was a proxy for PAD in T2DM patients. Anthropometric indices were measured and known cardiovascular risk factors were collected, area under curve (AUC) and logistic regression were applied.

Results: Hypertensive patients had 2.5 fold higher risk of symptomatic PAD than normotensive patients, (CI 95%=1.16-5.51). Smoking habit was remarkably higher in cases than controls, OR=8.2 CI 95% (3.2-8.2), however this was not significant in smoking subgroups based on duration of smoking (pack-year). Waste hip ratio (WHR) ≥1 in both male and female was significantly related to the outcome, Odds ratio 3.12 (CI 95% 1.25-7.82) in men and of 26.67 (CI 95% 3.77-188.51) in women. In the final model (forward stepwise regression), WHR ≥ 1, hypertension, duration of DM and Smoking were significantly related to symptomatic PAD.

Conclusion: As obese patients are more prone to type 2 diabetes mellitus, the previous cut-offs of obesity may change in the future to assess the risk of CVD in this group. We suggest that WHR is a simple measure of abdominal obesity and is related to symptomatic PAD.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image | Peer-reviewed Full Article image

Author(s): Ali VasheghaniFarahani Haleh Ashraf Maryam Abolhasani Kaveh Hosseini Seyyed Aboozar jazayeri and Shahrokh Karbalayi


Obesity, Peripheral arterial disease, Ischemic Heart Diseases, Cardiology Diseases, Type 2 diabetes

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version