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High blood pressure or hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure level higher than 140mmHg and /or diastolic blood pressure 90 mmHg. Hypertension is a most common health problem worldwide and its incidence seems to be increasing on global scale. Various complications associated with hypertension are coronary heart disease, renal disease and coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular accidents etc. This study was planned to compare the fasting blood glucose level in hypertensive patients and normal healthy controls. This prospective study was carried out in general medicine and pathology departments of Govt. Hospital in Rishikesh. In the present study, the volunteers were selected from General Medicine department of Government hospital Rishikesh from May 2009 to May 2010. Hypertension was defined as per the recommendations of JNC7th Report. After 12 hours fast the blood samples were collected from all individuals without anticoagulant and centrifuged at 3000 rpm for 5 minutes. The serum was collected in fresh vial and standard methods were followed for biochemical studies. A total of 120 volunteers were recruited for this study. Out of them 70 were hypertensive subjects (38 males and 32 females) and 50 were normotensive subjects (27 males and 23 females). The results concluded that hypertensive patients had fasting blood glucose level higher than normal healthy controls. Mean fasting blood glucose level among hypertensive patients was 98.57± 14.23 mg/dl and that of among normal healthy controls was 82.98 ± 9.16 mg/dl. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p=0.000).
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Author(s): Pooja Yashoda Mittal
Hypertension, Coronary heart disease, Renal disease, Coronary artery disease cerebrovascular accidents