alexa Abstract | Household Catastrophic Health Expenditure Due To Tuberculosis: Analysis From Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group, Central India

Medical Mycology: Open Access
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Research Article Open Access

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is disproportionately affects the most economically disadvantaged strata of society. Many studies have assessed the association between poverty and TB, but only a few have assessed the direct financial burden TB treatment and care can place on households. Patient costs can be catastrophic health expenditure for TB affected households in particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs). A survey of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) was carried out in Saharia dominated Pohri block of Shivpuri district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India during the period 2013 to 2014. Of 9964 surveyed, 280 PTB cases identified formed the study population for the present study. Among 280 TB patients identified, 220 (79%) cases interviewed at their residence by trained field investigators after obtaining written informed consent. This study demonstrates the economic burden in terms of direct, indirect and total costs for both diagnosis and treatment. In our sample, majority getting treatment free of costs and those who incurred costs, they faced catastrophic TB care expenditure amounted to 10%, which is the proportion of various costs in relation to annual family income. TB is a major cause of impoverishment, as it puts a heavy burden on the family budget, which can force families to absolute poverty. Our results suggest that policies to decrease direct and indirect TB patient costs are urgently needed to prevent chances of catastrophic payments to PVTGs. Also a high priority should be given to research that focuses on economic effects in different kind, in different time, in particular, among low-income

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Author(s): M Muniyandi VG Rao Jyothi Bhat Rajiv Yadav and RK Sharma

Keywords

Tuberculosis, Economic impact, Catastrophic health expenditure, Poverty, Vulnerable population, Tribal group, India, Tuberculosis, Economic impact, Catastrophic health expenditure, Poverty, Vulnerable population, Tribal group, India

 
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