alexa Abstract | <i>In situ</i> gel of metoprolol tartrate: Physicochemical characterization, <i>In vitro</i> diffusion and histological studies

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Paper Open Access


The purpose of the present investigation was to prepare an intranasal in situ gel with increased nasal residence time in order to improve bioavailability of metoprolol tartrate. The in situ gel systems containing carbopol, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose K4M and K15M in different concentrations were prepared. The samples were characterized for viscosity, rheological behavior, gelation behavior, gel strength, and mucoadhesion. The formulations F10 (0.4% w/v carbopol, 1% w/v hydroxylpropyl methylcellulose K15M) and F13 (0.3% w/v carbopol, 1% w/v hydroxypropyl methylcellulose K15M) showed gel strength of 40.33±0.47 and 43.00±1.41, respectively, and mucoadhesion strength 31.48±0.14×10 3 and 32.12±0.05×10 3 dyne/cm 2 , respectively. In vitro release profiles showed initial burst followed by slow release. F10 and F13 released 88.08±0.98 and 91.18±1.09% drug in 8 h. R 2 value for F10 (0.9953)] and F13 (0.9942)] was maximum for Higuchi, showing mixed order kinetics while n value obtained on treatment with Korsemayer Pappas equation were near to 0.5, suggesting release by fickian diffusion mechanism. The nasal permeability of formulations F10 and F13 were found to be 0.057 and 0.063 cm/s, respectively. Histopathological examination revealed slight degeneration of nasal epithelium with increased vascularity by F10 but no inflammation by formulation F13. Thus, a pH triggered in situ gel system containing low concentration (0.3% w/v) of carbopol demonstrated sustained release of metoprolol tartrate without any destructive effect on the mucosa.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image | Peer-reviewed Full Article image

Author(s): S Khan C Gajbhiye DJ Singhavi P Yeole


Carbopol, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, in situ gel, metoprolol tartrate, mucoadhesion

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version