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Research Paper Open Access
Oral dosage forms containing 300 mg theophylline in matrix-type tablets were prepared by direct compression method using two kinds of matrices - glycerylbehenate (hydrophobic) and hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (hydrophilic). The in vitro release kinetics of these formulations were studied at pH 6.8 using the USP dissolution apparatus with the paddle assemble. The kinetics of the dissolution process were studied by analyzing the dissolution data using four kinetic equations - the zero-order equation, the first-order equation, the Higuchi square root equation, and the Hixson-Crowell cube root law. The analysis of the dissolution kinetic data for the theophylline preparations in this study shows that it follows the first-order kinetics, and the release process involves erosion/diffusion and an alteration in the surface area and diameter of the matrix system as well as in the diffusion path length from the matrix drug load during the dissolution process. This relation is best described by the use of both the first-order equation and Hixson-Crowell cube root law.