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Research Article Open Access
The Purpose of this study was to investigation of Dietary pattern and physical fitness factors in inactive students. For this purpose, 60 female students of Alzahra University were selected as subject and were divided into two groups of students with overweight (26 students) and students with normal weight (39 students). Then, the food pattern of the subjects was collected using 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire and also physical fitness factors including flexibility, sit-up, 540-m running and 4×9 running and BMI were taken from the subjects. Research results showed that energy intake in breakfast and dinner meals and intake of protein, total fat and saturated fat in the student group with overweight was significantly more than those of students with normal weight and carbohydrate intake in the group with overweight was lower than that in the group with normal weight . Evaluation of the physical fitness factors also showed that the number of sit-up, flexibility, speed of running and BMI of the students with overweight were higher than those with normal weight. Results of this research showed that the students with overweight received significantly more protein, total fat and saturated fat than the students with normal weight and receive less carbohydrate. Therefore, having such food pattern in these students’ leads to overweight and obesity in them which in turn leads to loss of physical performance in them. Therefore, to improve physical performance of the students, the sport trainers are recommended to design and execute physical exercise plans for improving and controlling body composition of the students.
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Author(s): Parvaneh Nazarali
Dietary pattern, physical fitness factors, Body Mass Index